Accomodating bicycle and pedestrian travel

12-Aug-2014 09:22 by 8 Comments

Accomodating bicycle and pedestrian travel

TEA-21 also says that, "Bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways shall be considered, where appropriate, in conjunction with all new construction and reconstruction of transportation projects, except where bicycle and pedestrian use are not permitted." (Section 1202) SEC. In August 1998, FHWA convened a Task Force comprising representatives from FHWA, AASHTO, ITE, bicycle and pedestrian user groups, State and local agencies, the U. Access Board and representatives of disability organizations to seek advice on how to proceed with developing this guidance.

Overview: Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach is a policy statement adopted by the United States Department of Transportation.

Research and practical experience in designing facilities for bicyclists and pedestrians has generated numerous national, State and local design manuals and resources.

An increasing number of professional planners and engineers are familiar with this material and are applying this knowledge in towns and cities across the country.

After a second meeting with the Task Force in January 1999, FHWA agreed to develop a Policy Statement on Accommodating Bicyclists and Pedestrians in Transportation Projects to guide State and local agencies in answering these questions.

Task Force members recommended against trying to create specific warrants for different facilities (warrants leave little room for engineering judgement and have often been used to avoid providing facilities for bicycling and walking).

For example, AASHTO published a bicycle design manual in 1999 and is working on a pedestrian facility manual.

The area where information and guidance was most lacking was in determining when to include designated or special facilities for bicyclists and pedestrians in transportation projects.

The Design Guidance incorporates three key principles: The Policy Statement was drafted by the U. Department of Transportation in response to Section 1202 (b) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) with the input and assistance of public agencies, professional associations and advocacy groups.

Bicycling and walking issues have grown in significance throughout the 1990s.

The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, building on an earlier law requiring curb ramps in new, altered, and existing sidewalks, added impetus to improving conditions for sidewalk users.

People with disabilities rely on the pedestrian and transit infrastructure, and the links between them, for access and mobility.

Beyond that, facilities for bicyclists and pedestrians, environmental mitigation, accessibility, community preservation, and aesthetics were at best an afterthought, often simply overlooked, and, at worst, rejected as unnecessary, costly, and regressive.

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